Hello Super Scientists!
Here are a whole range of ideas organised by year group for you to investigate some science at home! I would love to see any science you do so don't forget to record it in your home learning booklet.
Keep exploring you science superstars!
FS1 and FS2
Sink or float?
Get a large container (eg a bowl or plastic box), fill it with water, and with the children collect a range of objects from around the house. Then drop an object into the water – after guessing whether it will sink or float.
Will it dissolve?
You’ll need several small, transparent water containers (e.g. plastic or glass cups) and a range of substances to test (e.g. sugar, oil, salt, food colouring, rice, flour, vitamin tablets). Before dropping each substance into a cup ask your children to guess whether it will disappear (dissolve) or not.
There are lots of great activities for learning about weather – here are just a few:
a) Make wind chimes (eg out of plastic bottles or beads) and hang them up outside;
b) Make a wind sock (eg out of strips of waterproof material taped around a plastic ring) to work out the direction of the wind;
c) Make a rainwater collector (eg out of a plastic bottle with the top cut off) to measure rainfall.
How do plants grow?
This is more of an ongoing science activity, but if you choose quick-growing seeds you won’t have to wait too long before they start seeing results. Cress is the classic quick-growing plant (and lends itself to creative uses, eg as hair for a monster), but you could also try sunflowers (good for measuring growth against a wall).
Crazy cornflour slime
This activity is a bit messy but really fun and hands-on; children love exploring the strange properties of this cross between a liquid and a solid. For best results use a large shallow container that you can put on the floor, like a sand/water tray. Mix together cornflour and water until you have a slime consistency. Try pushing the slime – it instantly turns solid. Roll some slime into a ball in your hand and then stop – it turns back into a liquid.
Mini beast hunt
See if you can find some mini beasts in your garden e.g. ladybirds. Why not count how many mini beasts you find? Or you could try building a mini beast hotel for them to live in.
Topics: Plants, Seasonal Change, Animals Inc. Humans, Everyday Materials
Topics: Plants, Animals Inc. Humans, Living Things and their Habitats, Everyday Materials
Topics: plants, forces, magnets, Animals Inc. Humans, Rocks, Light
- All plants need water to survive. Water is transported around all parts of a plant. See this process, known as ‘transpiration’, by trying out the Coloured Petals activity. Instructions: https://www.fizzicseducation.com.au/150-science-experiments/botany-experiments/make-coloured-petals/ N.B. You can do this activity with a range of different plants including daisies that you pick and even celery!
- Water is transported around plants to keep them healthy and give them the nutrients they need. In leaves, the veins transport the water. Watch this video and replicate it yourself to create leaf skeletons which show each individual vein! Video demonstration and instructions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yW-6H-aP5ys
- Create your own outdoor 3D sculpture garden ornament.
- Make your own sundial. Set it up outside and evaluate how well it works. Write an explanation of how it works. Take photograph of it outside including shadow. Record shadows throughout the day using a tally / frequency chart. http://www.bbc.co.uk/norfolk/kids/summer_activities/make_sundial.shtml
- Design and make a shadow puppet including some translucent and some opaque materials.
- Use a torch, or another light source, to create different shadows at home. What shapes can you make? Can you change the shape and size of your shadows? If so how did you make the shadow bigger / smaller?
- Friction is a force that happens when one surface/object meets another while moving. It opposes this and can slow objects down or stop them moving – this can be useful when designing tires on bikes and cars. Either: Test which shoes in your house create the most friction (are hardest to move) over carpet OR which surface in your house creates the most friction with a trainer. https://www.ogdentrust.com/resources/phizzi-enquiry-slippy-shoes
- Go on a magnetic material hunt. Using a fridge magnet (if you have one available), go around your house, get up close to different objects and test if they are magnetic. If the fridge magnet sticks to something (or something sticks to your fridge magnet) it must be made of a magnetic material. How many items that are magnetic can you find on your magnetic material hunt at home?
- If you find some magnetic materials on your hunt, why not make a magnet maze game. Instructions: https://www.science-sparks.com/mini-magnet-maze/ or https://www.science-sparks.com/lego-magnet-maze/
- Did you know that compasses work because of magnetism? Make your own compass using simple household materials to find true North in your home. Instructions: https://nationalmaglab.org/education/magnet-academy/try-at-home/make-a-compass
- BBC Bitesize has loads of good explanation videos about the different forces.
Topics: Animals Inc. Humans, States of Matter, Sound, Electricity, Sound Living Things and their Habitats
Year 5 Topics: Living Things and their Habitats, Animals Inc. Humans, Properties and Changes of Materials, Earth and Space Forces
EARTH AND SPACE
- Make your own space top trump cards with facts about the different planets.
- Why does the moon have craters? Model the meteorite strikes that happen on the moon at home. Instructions: https://www.fizzicseducation.com.au/150-science-experiments/space-science-projects/model-meteorite-strikes/ What do you notice about the height you drop the rock and the size of the crater you create?
- You are going on a space ship to another planet and can only take 10 things with you, what do you take? What 10 things would you take as gifts if you were going to meet an alien?
- Make a 3D rocket with its own parachute – you could use a kitchen roll and some silver foil to start off!
- Gravity is a force that that pulls toward the centre of the Earth (downwards) and Isaac Newton’s First Law of Motion says that once an object is moving it will continue moving in that direction unless a new force is applied. Prove this by completing the Egg Inertia challenge. Instructions: https://www.fizzicseducation.com.au/150-science-experiments/force-movement-experiments/egg-inertia/ Video demonstration: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gzCeXDhUAA
- Friction is a force that happens when one surface/object meets another while moving. It opposes this and can slow objects down or stop them moving – this can be useful when designing tires on bikes and cars. Either: Test which shoes in your house create the most friction (are hardest to move) over carpet OR which surface in your house creates the most friction with a trainer. Enquiry page: https://www.ogdentrust.com/resources/phizzi-enquiry-slippy-shoes
- Air resistance (drag) is a force that acts against gravity – as an object is pulled downwards, the air resistance pushes it upwards. Air resistance is how parachutes work. Test falling paper with a small surface area (scrunched up into a ball) and a large surface area (left as a flat sheet) when dropped from the same height – what do you notice about how quickly they fall? Use what you learn to design a parachute with good air resistance. You could make your design out of anything and test it with adult supervision. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4Jgh9V9gwE
ANIMALS INCLUDING HUMANS
Learn about the human body using this interactive site http://www.childrensuniversity.manchester.ac.uk/learning-activities/
Topics – Electricity, light, living things, evolution and inheritance, animals including humans.
Topic ideas -
Explore static electricity by doing this simple experiment: https://www.stevespanglerscience.com/lab/experiments/static-flyer-flying-bag/
- Shiny spoons When you look into the back of a spoon your reflection is upside down. Why is that? Why do your eyes see it this way? Present your findings in any way you wish.
- Shadow show Make shadow puppets which could be used to tell stories.
- Light snaps Take some photographs which show/use light in an interesting way. (This could be natural or artificial light)
EVOLUTION AND INHERITANCE
- Make a poster about Charles Darwin and his life
- Look at inheritance in your family, can you find some old family photos to compare? You could look at – eye colour, hair colour, ear lobes being attached are you double jointed or not?
- Imagine how different the world would be if the dinosaurs weren’t extinct – write a story about what could happen.
Do you like finding out about space? Do you love new information?
Then click on NASA audiences and then students.
After researching you could:
- Make a poster
- Top 10 facts about…
- Do a fact file
- Write a diary imagining you are an astronaut or a scientist.
- Write a letter to your friend telling them what you have found out.
- Tell someone else about all the interesting things you have learnt.
Challenge: Use your imagination and design a new planet! What does it look like or smell like? What might you find on it? What would name would you give it?